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Tire Glossary Terms

4WD

A drivetrain that employs two differentials and a transfer case to provide power to all four wheels of a vehicle.

All-Season Tires

Tires designed to provide good traction in winter snow and slush without wearing too quickly on dry roads.

Aspect Ratio

Determined by the unloaded sidewall height of the tire divided by its overall width. A lower aspect ratio implies a shorter, wider tire.

AWD

All-wheel drive. A drivetrain that employs a front, rear and center differential to provide power to all four wheels of a vehicle.

Lockup

The juncture at which a tire starts to skid during braking.

Plus Size Wheels

Wheel and tire packages that are larger in diameter than those included in a vehicles standard equipment. Also known as "up-sized wheels."

Spare Tire

A fifth wheel and tire that is stored on or in a vehicle for use when one of the four tires in use becomes disabled.

Track

The distance from the center plane of one wheel to the center plane of its opposing wheel.

Tread-Wear Index

A tire rating that consists of a number followed by two letters (i.e. 300AB). The number indicates the useful life of the tire, the first letter indicates its traction in wet conditions (A being the best), and the second letter indicates its resistance to heat buildup.

Wheel Width

The distance of a wheel from bead to bead.

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Section Width Section Width How to find your width? This three-digit number represents the width of the tire in millimeters (mm), measured from sidewall to sidewall. Since this measure is affected by the width of the rim, the measurement is done when the tire is on its intended rim size.
Aspect Ratio Aspect Ratio How to find your aspect ratio? The aspect ratio is the relationship of a tire's sidewall height to its section width, expressed as a percentage. In this example, the tire sidewall height is approximately 55% of the tire width. The higher the number, the taller the sidewall; the lower the number, the shorter the sidewall.
Rim Diameter Rim Diameter How to find your Rim Diameter? The diameter of the rim in inches.

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